Bay Area Open Minds

San Francisco Bay Area psychotherapists and psychotherapy students who affirm that sexual, relational and gender diversity are natural expressions of the human experience.

Sex Workers

The following studies are independent projects and papers that contribute empirical data to our body of knowledge on concepts related to sex workers.

Brown, J., & Mnichiello, V. (1996). Research Directions in Male Sex Work. Journal of Homosexuality, 31 (4), pp. 29-56.

Brown, K., & Sanders, T. (2017). Pragmatic, progressive, problematic: Addressing vulnerability through a local street sex work partnership initiative. Social Policy and Society. (download available:

Frank, K. (2007). Thinking Critically about Strip Club Research. Sexualities, 10 (4), pp. 501-517.

Harcourt, C., & Donovan, B. (2005). The many faces of sex work. Journal of Sexually Transmitted Infections. 81, pp. 201-206.

Hubbard, P. & Prior, J. (2013). Out of sight, out of mind' Prostitution policy and the health, well-being and safety of home-based sex workers. Critical Social Policy, 33 (1),pp. 140 - 159.

McCarthy, B., Benoit, C., Jansson, M., & Kolar, K. (2012). Regulating Sex Work: Heterogeneity in Legal Strategies, Annual Reviews, 8, pp. 255-271.

Morrison, T. G., Whitehead, B. W. (2007). “It's A Business Doing Pleasure With You”: An Interdisciplinary Reader On Male Sex Work. Journal of Homosexuality, 53 (1-2), pp 1-6.

Sanders, T. (2006). Sexing Up the Subject: Methodological Nuances in Researching the Female Sex Industry. Sexualities. 9 (4), pp. 449-468.

Shaver, F., M. ( 2013). Sex Work Research: Methodological and Ethical Challenges. Interpersonal Violence, 28 (5), Pp. 296.319.

Smith, N. J. (2012). Body issues: The political economy of male sex work. Sexualities, 15 (5-6), pp. 586-603.

Weiss, B. R. (2017). Patterns of Interaction in Webcam Sex Work: A Comparative Analysis of Female and Male Broadcasters. Deviant Behavior, 1-15.

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